Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe or because of their feelings towards a given religion. For instance, the indigenous Christian population of the Balkansknown as the "rayah" or the "protected flock", was discriminated against under the Ottoman Kanun—i—Rayah. The word is sometimes translated as 'cattle' rather than 'flock' or 'subjects' in order to emphasize the Christian population's inferior status to that of the Muslim rayah.
Download image Children of incarcerated fathers suffer from worse physical health: They are a quarter to a third more likely than children of nonincarcerated fathers to suffer from migraines, asthma, and high cholesterol.
Children of incarcerated fathers are 51 percent more likely to suffer from anxiety, 43 percent more likely to suffer from depression, and 72 percent more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
For example, a pound, 5-foot 6-inch, year-old woman has a predicted greater weight of 9 pounds if, when she was a child, her parent was incarcerated. For example, they are 43 percent more likely than socially and demographically similar children of nonincarcerated parents to use marijuana.
In all but two states, convicted felons are prohibited from voting while in prison; in some states, ex-felons are prohibited from voting even after they have served their sentences. Socioeconomic pathways Children of incarcerated parents experience more economic instability and are more likely to become poor.
Financial distress continues after release from prison because finding a job can be difficult: The United States has less intergenerational mobility than many other industrialized societies.
Of American children born to parents with incomes in the bottom income quintile, almost half 43 percent remain trapped in the bottom quintile as adults and only 30 percent make it to the middle quintile or higher.
African Americans have even less mobility. For those born to parents in the bottom income quintile, over half 53 percent remain there as adults, and only a quarter 26 percent make it to the middle quintile or higher.
Family and psychological pathways Visiting a parent behind bars is stressful. There is usually no place to play. Waiting times can be long.
Sometimes, physical contact between child and parent is limited or prohibited. After a parent is incarcerated, the remaining parent is likely to have higher stress levels than before his or her partner was incarcerated. Children of incarcerated parents are likely to be unsupervised more frequently than children of nonincarcerated parents.
When a father is incarcerated, the remaining parent, the mother, may need to work longer hours, making her less available to her child. When children see their parents marginalized from political participation by losing the right to vote, they are less likely to perceive government institutions as just, trustworthy, or deserving of their participation.
Social relationships and systems are fractured, including the structures of family and home. Children of incarcerated parents, especially incarcerated fathers, are more likely than otherwise similar children to end up homeless; 54 the homelessness trend is especially pronounced for African American children of incarcerated fathers.
Indeed, children who grow up under stressful conditions have more sympathetic nervous activity, including elevated blood pressure. They have more activity in their hypothalamic pituitary axis, which regulates cortisol.
This disrupts their prefrontal cortex activity, sympathetic nervous activity, and metabolic system, causing diminished cognition as well as worse health.In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction towards, a person based on the group,class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
These include age, colour, convictions for which a pardon has been granted or a record suspended, height, disability, ethnicity, family status, gender identity, genetic characteristics, marital. Vol.7, No.3, May, Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru Hataue and Yosuke Matsuda).
There are several factors related to increasing risk and criminality related to individuals exhibiting criminogenic traits; however, there is an identified beginning to criminal behavior, and it.
The Effects of Social Factors on Committing Crimes: A Case Study of Darehshahr Prison, Iran Author links open overlay panel Ali Ayar a b Yaser Lotfi a Elias Nooraee b Show more.
Police Brutality and Corruption - Police Brutality and Corruption Corruption in policing is viewed as the misuse of authority by a police officer acting officially to fulfill his/her personal needs or wants.
This lesson will help you understand the factors that affect ethical behavior in the workplace and allow you to consider your own ethical decision making standards.