This study was supported by an internal research grant from the University. Many thanks to Scott and all the staff at Bethesda Day Treatment Center for their selfless service to children with emotional and behavioral disorders and for their invaluable support to us in the course of this study.
Maria is preoccupied with darker thoughts than the demise of the largest animals that ever roamed the earth. The year-old is thinking about killing herself. Lamont is 15 years old and frequently absent. His mother is a drug addict, and his abusive father is rarely around.
Lamont was arrested three times in the last year. What can a teacher do to help these youngsters learn? First, be aware of and sensitive to warning signs of developing emotional problems see box on p.
Second, use strategies such as those suggested in this article to help students overcome their emotional barriers to learning. Strategies for Success Make learning relevant. Emotional distress saps motivation. The distress that accompanies failing grades and teacher reprimands can reinforce students' notion that school simply isn't relevant.
Noncompliance, disinterest, and avoidance are symptoms exhibited by students whose perseverance is undermined by poor academic achievement. To offset emotional distress, give students opportunities to experience school success. Establishing links between the curriculum and the students' lives injects relevance into lessons.
Survey students about their interests and how they spend their free time. Use this information as a backdrop for lessons. Help students establish positive peer relationships.
Peers are second only to family in their influence on a youngster's emotional development. Positive peer relationships foster tolerance of others, help students build effective interpersonal skills, and promote self-confidence.
The unwelcome outcomes of negative peer relationships include smoking, alcohol abuse, teenage pregnancy, and delinquent behavior.
Teachers can enhance peer relationships by structuring routines that foster a sense of classroom community. Cooperative learning, peer tutoring, and classroom meetings promote interdependence. These structured student interactions help to dispel the negative effects of cliques while promoting the notion that everyone has something useful to contribute.
If students don't have the social skills they need to successfully participate in classroom routines, provide instruction in such skills. Teach behavior management skills. It may be difficult to understand why a reasonable request, a minor classroom frustration, or an accidental bump from a peer can prompt sudden rage in some students.
But students who have been rejected by or alienated from significant others believe that further rejection is inevitable. In situations that trigger feelings of anxiety, insecurity, or fear, their impulsive response is anger and noncompliance.
Teachers who remain objective are most effective at defusing conflict. These teachers recognize that misbehavior always has a reason, and this recognition helps them avoid impulsive reactions to a student's conduct that can cause a minor episode to explode into a full-blown crisis.
As teachers practice restraint, they can also teach students to reflect on their actions and to use more constructive ways of managing their emotions. Identifying in-school events that trigger disruptive behavior can provide teachers and students with ideas on how to modify school routines to support constructive actions.
Identify and deal with depression. Almost 5 percent of children and adolescents experience symptoms of depression. Persistent sadness or irritability, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, disrupted sleep, agitation, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt, difficulty concentrating, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide are major symptoms.
Early identification is the key to successful treatment through a combination of counseling, psychotherapy, and medication. Major depressive disorder is characterized by a pattern of five or more symptoms. If symptoms persist for six months, a referral to a school counselor is recommended.
A youngster's family may need assistance in engaging the services of a counselor with expertise in depressive disorders. Understanding and empathy are more effective than attempts to change behavior through reprimands, incentives, or heart-to-heart talks. Fatigue is a common classroom complaint.
Students need extra time to finish assignments, projects tailored to their interests, and brief breaks. Classroom activities that foster feelings of competence and strengthen social relationships bolster self-efficacy.
Help students cope with stress.Assessment Process of EBD Students: Professional Perspectives Twelve to thirteen percent of school-aged children in the U.S. suffer from Emotional Behavioral Disorders with at least moderate impairment (Seidman, ). Technology can level the playing field for students with mobility, hearing, or vision impairments.
Credit: IntelliTools, Inc. Technology has opened many educational doors to children, particularly to children with disabilities. Alternative solutions from the world of technology are accommodating.
EBD student’s exhibit challenging behaviors, emotional instability, and are opposed to change. Therefore, once a student with EBD is place in the general classroom, the student might encounter challenges with learning and create problems and.
The need for occupational therapy as a means of assisting adolescents with EBD transition to adulthood is further given credence by research findings indicating that such adolescents tend to participate in occupations that are significantly different from those in which .
Recent experience of working in a Mainstream classroom/or experience of working with children with special educational needs (SEN) in an educational setting A strong passion to enhance the development of pupils.
Social Skills Training for Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: A Review of Reviews ABSTRACT: Teaching social skills to students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) has become an accepted practice.
Literally hundreds of social skills training (SST) efficacy studies for with students with EBD, discuss .