Chicano essay papers

After a year of teaching, she earned a public policy fellowship from the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute CHCIwhich is dedicated to helping obtain government jobs for young Latinos.

Chicano essay papers

The then small community would see a transformation as a result of the Chicano Movement emerging throughout the United States.

Chicano essay papers

Locally,the movement gave rise to institutions such as El Centro de La Raza, which helped build a Chicano community where none had existed before.

Alliances with other communities of color were essential to the movement's success. The broad alliance for civil rights that emerged allowed for further progress within the Chicano community Chicano essay papers a time when the local population was miniscule compared to the urban Chicano communities of the Southwest.

This collaboration across racial lines was a unique development in the Northwest, and is an integral part of the legacy of civil rights activism in the region. The development of the Chicano community also resulted from work done on both the eastern and western sides of the state, with activism in the Yakima Valley providing an impetus for activism in the Puget Sound region as people, especially students, migrated to Western Washington.

The Brown Berets Throughout the period, activism on campuses was accompanied by activism in the community. The Brown Berets emerged as a key organization linking students to communities Chicano essay papers to young people not enrolled in college.

Brown Beret chapters formed in both Yakima and at the University of Washington in Seattle, and by had attracted more than members. Originally founded in California, the Brown Berets gave a new and tougher look to the movement in the late s. Far from radical, the group participated in the Community Service Organization CSOwhere they met with political leaders who, according to historian Ernesto Chavez, "schooled them in the ways of practical politics and community organizing and who also introduced them to the now famed Cesar Chavez.

Luce, rector of the Episcopal Church of the Epiphany in Lincoln Heights, the group opened La Piranya, a coffeehouse that doubled as an office and meeting place where prominent civil rights speakers spoke to increasing numbers of Chicano youth.

This activity attracted police who began harassing young people at the coffeehouse. YCCA responded by organizing protest demonstrations at nearby sheriff stations. Young leaders such as David Sanchez viewed harassment at the coffeehouse as symptomatic of the larger problem of police abuse in the Chicano community and advocated a more militant stance.

Two of these chapters were in the state of Washington. The group was then transplanted to Seattle as students from the Yakima Valley were recruited to the University of Washington in the late sixties and early seventies.

The Brown Berets uncompromising stance on these issues attracted Chicano youth to the organization.

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The Brown Berets initiated or participated in a number of programs targeted at the specific needs of the local community. The UW chapter also engaged in other activities such as the creation of a legal defense fund for Chicano activists and active involvement in support of United Farm Worker Union activities such as the grape boycott.

Composed primarily of students and staff at the University of Washington, the organization was born in out of the need to address issues pertinent to women who struggled both against sexism and racism. We work in our own way and strive to work by the side of our men in struggle. In Seattle, the Brown Berets acted as the "muscle" during many of the demonstrations that MEChA undertook on the UW campus and, much like the Black Panthers, raised a red flag in conservative sectors of the white community.

Along with Las Chicanas, the Brown Berets were also an integral part of the contingent that occupied the old Beacon Hill elementary school in October and demanded the creation of El Centro de La Raza.

Occupation of the Old Beacon Hill School The site of what is now El Centro de La Raza lay abandoned by the Seattle school district for some time before October 12,when it was occupied by activists determined to turn it into a community service center for Latinos and others. This decentralization made it difficult for many who sought services to obtain them.

The economic crunch of the early seventies saw many programs sent to the chopping block, as was the case with one English as a Second Language program in the south end of Seattle that had a social justice component.

Students and community members affected by the sudden closing of the program were instrumental in planning the takeover. Everyone just popped out of the cars and started walking toward the door. The press started showing at around 9: The takeover lasted into as negotiations took place with the Seattle City Council and the Seattle school district, all while demonstrators occupied the old Beacon Hill school and made do without water or electricity throughout the duration of the standoff.

Ricardo Martinez, one of the UW students involved in the takeover, recalls his experience: It was really cold, there was no heat, there was no power. The eventual takeover lasted months.

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We would come and go, and spell each other. Although the campaign was spearheaded by the Latino community, alliances across racial and ethnic lines were instrumental in keeping up the fight with the Seattle City Council. At one point, activists occupied the City Council chambers in an effort to force city leaders to turn over the building.

After much debate, the city of Seattle finally conceded and allowed the use of the property for the creation of El Centro de La Raza in El Centro became not only a community center, but also a civil-rights organization that developed progressive coalitions with activist groups rooted in other ethnic communities, especially Native Americans.Aztlán (from Nahuatl languages: Aztlān, Nahuatl pronunciation: [ˈast͡ɬaːn] (listen)) is the ancestral home of the Aztec peoples.

Aztecah is the Nahuatl word for "people from Aztlan". Aztlan is mentioned in several ethnohistorical sources dating from the colonial period, and each of them give different lists of the different tribal groups who participated in the migration from Aztlan to.

Chicano essay papers

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