Introduction In a multi-polar international system that is becoming more and more globalized, countries today are paying greater attention to cultural diplomacy, as part of a central component that represents their national and international interest and image in the international arena. By means of the use of soft power in promoting its image and furthering its relations through the establishment of its strategic drive, it seems China is destined to connect the globe through this momentous initiative, more so than ever as a resourceful means in achieving its national and international interest. Fundamentally, through the Belt and Road Initiative BRIChina has now been able to transform and demonstrate the vibrant contribution and impact of this policy, through such aspects of a multi-culturalism, multi-ethnicity, social, political and economic sphere.
It is widely assumed that policy making is an exclusive preserve of the governmental structures and sub-structure as well as political system and sub-system.
That means, the frontier of policy intervention is confined to politico-administrative super structure. Normally the government initiates policy moves and forward course of action as such, at various organizational levels like cabinet, large bureaucracies and autonomous bodies.
Nevertheless policy inputs in the forms of problems, issues and demand take a concrete shape by the feedback mechanism via organized citizen and interest groups and civil societies. The executive domain of governance may go on to adopt new policies or modify the existing ones through ordnance, decrees and quasi-legislation.
Or the new policy initiative on a particular issue may come from legislature subject to the scrutiny of the concerned parliamentary committee. The treasury bench may try to influence the house to command consensus on the issue at hand on the strength of brute majority.
Or the demands for new policies or modifying the existing one may come from the opposition bench. In the realm of public policy attention is thus focused primarily on the government as the keynote of policy function and development.
Government usually proceeds with 'projected programs of goals' or projected policy objectives for doing so many things. Autonomous bodies, semi-autonomous bodies, NGOs and other private organization share, to some extent, the vast area of policy functions with political executives and public bureaucracies.
Building up knowledge of the on-going dynamics of public life with emphasis on programs of strategic intervention with stated objectives constitutes the academic rationale for studying public policy. We may have much to learn from the study of policy outcomes - impacts of various policy clusters - the level of achievement or the lack of achievement of various programs in operation.
We get to know 'what impacts public policy has on the society'. The effectiveness of government programs in terms of the level of policy efficiency can be discerned by knowing the reactions of various interest groups and mass media.
However, it is evident that policymaking is not only a domestic matter. This is conditioned by exogenous forces transcending geopolitical boundary of a country. To put squarely various externals factors 'play critical role' in policymaking process.
Public in any country has to respect global process of development and international context as such. The forum enables presidents and prime ministers, as well as their finance and foreign ministers, to candidly discuss pressing international issues.
Its small and static membership, however, excludes emerging powers from important talks concerning the global economy and international security, and as an informal grouping, states have little leverage over other members with which to secure compliance on agreements beyond imposing reputational costs.
At the summit they discuss key global political issues, exchange views and try to develop constructive solutions.Latter-day Saints across Africa Participate in Fifth Day of Service (Church News and Events) (October 11, ) - Relevance: Six months after he first invited Church members across the world to participate in a day of service, President Henry B.
Eyring, First Counselor in the First Presidency, described the thousands of projects that . A two-child policy is a government-imposed limit of two children allowed per family or the payment of government subsidies only to the first two children.
It has previously been used in Vietnam. In British Hong Kong in the s, citizens were also highly encouraged to have two children as a limit (although it was not mandated by law), and it. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
8 days ago · The cabal was going to have to leverage its control of the press and key governmental positions to begin to shape public perception and instill pro-war sentiment.
And once again, the full resources of these motivated co-conspirators were brought to bear on the task. China's Communist party has scrapped its one-child policy, allowing all couples to have two children for the first time in more than three decades Published: 29 Oct China's one-child policy.
The Group of Seven (G7) or Group of Eight (G8) - like the G20 - may have much to mould perception about policy devement on important fronts like women, child, human rights, micro credit, banking, food security, health etc.