Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East. The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy.
Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly.
The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East.
The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy. Palestine has been settled continuously for tens of thousands of years.
Fossil remains have been found of Homo Erectus, Neanderthal and transitional types between Neanderthal and modern man. Archeologists have found hybrid Emmer wheat at Jericho dating from before 8, B.
Amorites, Canaanites, and other Semitic peoples related to the Phoenicians of Tyre entered the area about B. The area became known as the Land of Canaan.
Click here for historical maps and some details of early history The Jewish Kingdoms of Ancient Judah and Israel The archeological record indicates that the Jewish people evolved out of native Cana'anite peoples and invading tribes.
Some time between about and B. Canaan was settled by different tribes including Semitic peoples, Hittites, and later Philistines, peoples of the sea who are thought to have arrived from Mycenae, or to be part of the ancient Greek peoples that also settled Mycenae.
According to the Bible, Moses led the Israelites, or a portion of them, out of Egypt. Under Joshua, they conquered the tribes and city states of Canaan. Based on biblical traditions, it is estimated that king David conquered Jerusalem about B.
The kingdom was divided into Judea in the south and Israel in the north following the death of David's son, Solomon. Jerusalem remained the center of Jewish sovereignty and of Jewish worship whenever the Jews exercised sovereignty over the country in the subsequent period, up to the Jewish revolt in AD.
The Babylonians conquered Judea or Judah around B. They destroyed Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, and exiled a large number of Jews. About 50 years later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylonia.
Cyrus allowed a group of Jews from Babylonia to rebuild Jerusalem and settle in it. However, a large number of Jews remained in Babylonia, forming the first Jewish Diaspora. After the reestablishment of a Jewish state or protectorate, the Babylonian exiles maintained contact with authorities there.
The Persians ruled the land from about to B. Alexander the Great then conquered the Persian Empire. After Alexander's death in B.
One of these generals, Seleucus, founded a dynasty that gained control of much of Palestine about B. At first, the new rulers, called Seleucids, allowed the practice of Judaism.
But later, one of the kings, Antiochus IV, tried to prohibit it. The kingdom received Roman "protection" when Judah Maccabee was made a "friend of the Roman senate and people" in B.
Judea had become a client state of Rome. Initially it was ruled by the client Herodian dynasty. The land was divided into districts of Judea, Galilee, Peraea and a small trans-Jordanian section, each of which eventually came under direct Roman control.
The Romans called the large central area of the land, which included Jerusalem, Judea. Roman rulers put down Jewish revolts in about A. The Romans named the area Palaestina, at about this time. However, Jewish communities continued to exist, primarily in the Galilee, the northernmost part of Palestine.
Palestine was governed by the Roman Empire until the fourth century A. In time, Christianity spread to most of Palestine. The population consisted of Jewish converts to Christianity and paganism, peoples imported by the Romans, and others who had probably inhabited Palestine continuously.
During the seventh century A. Jerusalem was conquered about by the Caliph Umar Omar who gave his protection to its inhabitants.
Muslim powers controlled the region until the early 's. The rulers allowed Christians and Jews to keep their religions.The Palestinian Great March of Return, which began on March 30, and continued into June, was a popular mobilization of people of the Gaza Strip initiated by politically unaligned young men and women.
Oct 25, · Cheap oil would cause most countries in the Middle East to run out of cash in less than five years, the IMF warns.
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Khamenei: America targets the Middle East in fear of Islamic 'awakening' • The website was quoting a speech Ayatollah Khamenei gave to Iranian officials and foreign Muslim figures attending an international Islamic conference in Tehran. • Middle East • One News Page: Sunday, 25 November