March 28, UsefulResearchPapers Research Papers 0 Nature versus nurture is a discussion between the proponents of the biogenetic concept, which believe that major mental personality traits are inherent in the very nature of man biological origin determining his life, and the proponents of the sociogenetic concept believe that human behavior is nothing innate and its every action is only the product of outside influence.
How the scales tip in one direction or the other, however, is still the subject of much debate. To better understand the nature versus nurture question, UC Santa Barbara psychologist John Protzko analyzed an existing study to determine whether and how environmental interventions impacted the intelligence levels of low birth weight children.
Interventions did raise intelligence levels, but not permanently. The fadeout effect, however, applies the same way. Protzko reviewed the results of the Infant Health and Development Program involving children, all of whom experienced an intense and cognitively demanding environment during the first three years of their lives.
Three main interventions had been employed to ameliorate the negative effects of being born at low birth weight. At age 3, the children were given the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales as a baseline measure of their intelligence.
At ages 5 and 8 — at least two years after the interventions had ended — they were again given intelligence tests. However, by age 5 the increases were no longer evident.
The nature versus nurture debate is of constant discussion amongst psychologists today. In the 17th century the French philosopher Rene Descartes set out views which held that people possess certain inborn ideas that enduringly underpin people's approach to the world (Bee, p.3). Excerpt from Essay: Intelligence Testing Intelligence -- Nature/Nurture Debate In psychological terms, intelligence can be defined as "the general mental ability involved in calculating, reasoning, perceiving relationships and analogies, learning quickly, storing and retrieving information, using language fluently, classifying, generalizing, and adjusting to new situations" ("intelligence. The nature & nurture issue is a long controversial issue that explains the significance of nature and nurture in several parts of individual development, such as personality, and intelligence.
According to Protzko, this demonstrates that the fadeout effect applies to general intelligence. He also noted that this difference in intelligence at ages 3 and 5 underscored another issue: One theory regarding the development of intelligence suggests that the trait can be correlated between two ages because there is a causal connection: Intelligence at one age causes intelligence at another age.
This work will have to be done in adults to really pull that apart, but I think that this analysis starts to bring evidence against that idea of causality.We spoke with Psychologist David Moore to find out more about the science of epigenetics, its impact on the nature versus nurture debate, how epigenetic research relates to humans, and the hopes and cautions that come with such a potentially revolutionary line of research.
This essay has been submitted by a law student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Intelligence: Nature vs. Nurture Introduction.
Intelligence is a very common subject in psychology but as common as it is, there is no complete way of . Nature vs.
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Published: Mon, 5 Dec In the history of psychology one of the oldest arguments is the Nature-Nurture debate with regard to what makes us human beings different from each-other: our genes or our environment, and which one of these sides contributes more to .
Essay on Nature vs. Nurture and the Impacts on Human Intelligence - In current times many psychologists agree that nature (genes) and nurture (environment) both play important roles in the sculpting of intelligence in individuals, they work together constantly to guide maturity.