But November also ushers in our national period of overconsumption and excess. This year, the holidays come as the gap between the very rich and the poor widens, as attacks on Jewish-Americans and other minorities grow, and health care costs threaten lives and livelihoods. November is a good month to think about Dorothy Day, an American social activist and a Catholic 20th-century icon whose birth was Nov.
Her parents were married in an Episcopal church in Greenwich Village. Inher father, who was a sports writer devoted to horse racing, took a position with a newspaper in San Francisco.
The family relocated to Chicago. As a young child, she showed a marked religious streak, reading the Bible frequently. She was taken with the liturgy and its music. She studied the catechism and was baptized and confirmed in that church in She was a reluctant scholar.
When I read Tolstoy I was an Anarchist. My allegiance to The Call kept me a Socialist, although a left-wing one, and my Americanism inclined me to the I. Sentenced to 30 days in jail, she served 15 days before being released, ten of them on a hunger strike.
Initially Day lived a bohemian life. In February after ending an unhappy love affair with Lionel Moise, and having an abortion that was "the great tragedy of her life,"  she married Berkeley Tobey in a civil ceremony.
She spent the better part of a year with him in Europe, removed from politics, focusing on art and literature, and writing a semi-autobiographical novel, The Eleventh Virginbased on her affair with Moise.
In its "Epilogue," she tried to draw lessons about the status of women from her experience: She lived there from toentertaining friends and enjoying a romantic relationship that foundered when she took passionately to motherhood and religion.
While she visited her mother in Florida, separating from Batterham for several months, she intensified her exploration of Catholicism. When she returned to Staten Island, Batterham found her increasing devotion, attendance at Mass, and religious reading incomprehensible. Batterham refused to attend the ceremony, and his relationship with Day became increasingly unbearable, as her desire for marriage in the Church confronted his antipathy to organized religion, Catholicism most of all.
After one last fight in late December, Day refused to allow him to return. On December 28, she had herself baptized with Sister Aloysia as her godparent.
A few months later, following the stock market crash, her contract was not renewed. She returned to New York via a sojourn in Mexico, and a family visit in Florida. Day supported herself as a journalist, writing a gardening column for the local paper, the Staten Island Advanceand features articles and book reviews for several Catholic publications, like Commonweal.
During the hunger strikes in D. She writes in her autobiography: Maurin, a French immigrant and something of a vagabond, had entered the Brothers of the Christian Schools in his native France, before emigrating, first to Canada, then to the United States.
Despite his lack of formal education, Maurin was a man of deep intellect and decidedly strong views.
He had a vision of social justice and its connection with the poor, which was partly inspired by St. He had a vision of action based on a sharing of ideas and subsequent action by the poor themselves. Maurin was deeply versed in the writings of the Church Fathers and the papal documents on social matters that had been issued by Pope Leo XIII and his successors.
Maurin provided Day with the grounding in Catholic theology of the need for social action they both felt. Years later Day described how Maurin also broadened her knowledge by bringing "a digest of the writings of Kropotkin one day, calling my attention especially to Fields, Factories, and Workshops.
It was aimed at those suffering the most in the depths of the Great Depression, "those who think there is no hope for the future", and announced to them that "the Catholic Church has a social program It provided coverage of strikes, explored working conditions, especially of women and black workers, and explicated papal teaching on social issues.
Day opposed its atheism, its advocacy of "class hatred" and violent revolution, and its opposition to private property. The first issue of the Catholic Worker asked: Day defended government relief programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps that the Communists ridiculed.
The Daily Worker responded by mocking the Catholic Worker for its charity work and for expressing sympathy for landlords when calling evictions morally wrong.
From the publishing enterprise came a " house of hospitality ", a shelter that provided food and clothing to the poor of the Lower East Side and then a series of farms for communal living. More than 30 independent but affiliated Catholic Worker communities had been founded by Day refused to follow the Catholic hierarchy in support of Franco against the Republican forces, which were atheist and anticlerical in spirit, led by anarchists and communists that is, the Republican forces were.
Who of us if he were attacked now would not react quickly and humanly against such attack? Would we love our brother who strikes us?Dorothy Day was born in Brooklyn, New York on November 8, , the third child of Grace and John Day. Her nominally religious family moved to the San Franciso Bay area and then to Chicago where she was baptized in the Episcopal Church.
Dorothy Day's vision continues in the Catholic Worker Movement that she cofounded with Peter Maurin. Approximately Catholic Worker communities serve in the United States, with new houses of hospitality opening every year.
Dorothy left no rule or directions for the Catholic Worker communities. Resistance to Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker Movement intensified as the nation went to war.
For Dorothy it was a time of deepening, a necessary time of consolidation of her Catholic faith and of the ideas that fueled the Catholic Worker Movement.
Dorothy Day was born in New York in Her childhood was spent mostly in Chicago, and she attended the University of Illinois in Urbana for two years before returning to .
Day was born November 8, to John and Grace Satterlee Day, in Brooklyn, New York. Frequent family relocation due to John's profession as a sportswriter combined with the elder Days' non-religious beliefs and Mr.
Day's strict rules regarding friendships to instill in young Dorothy a profound sense of loneliness, as well as an avid interest in religion, reading and writing.
Dorothy Day was an activist who worked for such social causes as pacifism and women's suffrage through the prism of the Catholic Church. Intrigued by the Catholic faith for years, Dorothy Day Born: Nov 08,