Complex hydro-carbons used to clean chips and other parts. Solvent carcinogens must be handled with extreme care. Strike of union workers to raise wages. Environmental regulations increasing cost of production.
I will discuss its background, its problems, the benefits it offers to United States companies, and the impact the NAFTA has and will have on the industry. In addition, I will make a suggestion on a possible strategy the Maquiladoras can adopt in order to address the challenges brought on by the NAFTA, to ensure it remains a strong force in the future.
In May of the Border Industrialization Program was established as a replacement for the Bracero program. It was later renamed the Maquiladora Program.
This program was utilized to keep Mexicans from entering the United States. The idea was that Mexican workers would be kept on the Mexican side of the border if they were given factory jobs on the Mexican side.
Since they can be located anywhere in Mexico. Last year there were over 3, and more and more of these operations are The mexican maquiladoras essay located outside of the border regions.
Once assembled or manufactured, the Maquila products must be exported unless special permission is obtained to sell a limited amount of output in the Mexican market. When these products are imported back to the United States, import duties are levied on the foreign value-added only.
If Maquila products stay in Mexico, the are subject to applicable Mexican duties. The largest issue surrounding the Maquiladora industry is the exploitation of cheap labor. The working conditions are often unsafe, workers are not compensated adequately for their labor, attempts to unionize are discouraged; and sexual discrimination and harassment are too common.
The conditions in and outside the Maquiladoras are terrible. Workers perform tasks such as welding without protective masks, leather gloves, or goggles in many instances and industrial accidents and toxic exposures are common. This, along with malnutrition caused by low salaries, produce skin illnesses, cancer, irregularities in menstruation, abortions, tumors, intoxication and birth of undernourished or disabled babies.
Of the employees, many are young girls and women ranging from the ages of 14 to They work 6 days a week in hour shifts.
For the most part, Maquiladoras are unorganized. In those that are organized, state-controlled unions represent the workers. Although some companies are unionized on paper, the unions, for the most part, function to reinforce management policies rather than for the benefit of workers.
The workers do not even know them and have never seen their union leaders. When a conflict arises in a factory, management informs the worker that their unions have accept these or those conditions. Not only are they not protected by existing unions, those that attempt to unionize and are often threatened or bribed by plant managers and the government.
In many companies, discrimination against and harassment of the female employees is very common.Mexican pres who increased the role of the state in the economy and nationalized mexico's banking system to avert a national economic crisis Santa Ana.
Assembly-for-export plants, known as maquiladoras, dot the Mexican border (Wise and Cypher ). The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) allows U.S. companies to import materials to Mexico without paying tax and to then export the finished .
Maquiladoras & NAFTA Essay.
MAQUILADORAS AND THE NAFTA'S IMPACT: Introduction In this paper I will discuss the history and practices of the Maquiladora industry. I will discuss its background, its problems, the benefits it offers to United States companies, and the impact the NAFTA has and will have on .
To Work and Die in Juarez Scores of young women workers have been murdered in this tough Mexican-border factory city. Now a grassroots women’s movement is seeking answers — and justice. Maquiladoras are assembly plants that line the Mexican side of the border with U.S.
When NAFTA was formed, this permitted more jobs to leave the U.S. for Mexican Maquiladoras. In recent years, much lower wages in China have encouraged manufactures to take jobs from Mexico and send them to China. Maquiladoras were the solution Mexican government needed so much.
This industry would reduce the poverty in which the most part the Mexicans lived in. Immigrants were attracted to cities on the border with promises of a steady job and a secure salary.